The Human Body

It’s really important to understand your body when you start exercising. It is the thing that moves u and it is the key part to getting the results that you desire. On this page, I’ll give brief introduction to how the body works which will factor in to what moves we work on and how these moves are going to help you towards your goal.


Your skeleton is the framework to your body. Your bones provide the core structure and, while we can’t improve these per se, it’s important to understand the part it playsa and what makes it up.

There are 206 bones in the body and provide protection, movement, shape, production of cells and platelets, muscle attachment and storage of minerals. There are five main types of bones, categorised by their shape and size. These are the different types:

  • flat bones – flat in appearance and provide protection of vital organs, they also have a large surface area for muscle attachment (Examples: skull, ribs, sternum, scapula.)
  • Irregular bones – have no set shape, this is determind by their job in the body. (Example: vertebrae)
  • Short bones – Are cuboid in shape, being as wide as they long. These bones usually occur in groups and give us fine movements. (Examples: carpals and tarsals)
  • Long bones – Are longer than they are wide and these bones act as levers to create movement, produce blood cells and store minerals. (examples: humerus and femur.)
  • Sesamoid bones – small bones which develop within tendons to help protect the tendon, along with the ligaments. (example: patella.)

Also tied in to the skeleton is how they develop. Abnormalities can impact posture and movement, so it’s important to know if you have any spinal posture issues as this can effect how it is you work out.

The Muscular System

Of course, knowing your muscles is a HUGE part of beginning your fitness journey. Your muscles really are the key to getting this right.

There are three types of muscle tissue:

Skeletal – found throughout the body and produces movement while maintaining posture and generating heat for warmth. These muscles attach across joints via tendons and store and transport glycogen. Skeletal bones are stripy in appearance and only shorten in one direction. It’s also important to note that they work both aerobically and anaerobically. They are controlled by voluntary movement

Cardiac – these muscles are only found in the heart and work to contract and keep the rhythm of the heart. This type of muscle is also stripey but its fibres separate off and connect to each other, they are also reliant on oxygen. Of course, these muscles are involuntary.

Smooth – Smooth muscles can be found in the digestive system and blood vessels, they have lots of roles in the body as the most diverse type of muscle. THey are contractable in all directions and work aerobically (with oxygen). These types of muscles are also involuntary.

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